Before you implement the EMS, decide where the EMS will apply within your organization. Choose your environmental management representative (EMR), who acts as the project manager for the EMS. Select a team of experts, consisting of facility and city representatives. Build an implementation team of personnel from the “shop floor”, ensuring adherence to the EMS at all levels of your organization.
During the planning phase of your company’s EMS, you must define the environmental aspects and impacts. An environmental aspect includes activities, products, or services that interact with the environment (i.e., air emissions, energy usage). An environmental impact includes any change to the environment resulting from activities, products, or services (i.e., air quality changes, natural resource usage).
It’s also important to identify legal requirements and issues related to your company with regard to regulations and compliance issues.
Once you’ve completed your planning, you can develop the environmental policy, consisting of regulatory compliance, pollution control, and a continual improvement program. Your EMS should also include an environmental objective (i.e., reduce energy usage) and environmental target (i.e., reduce energy usage by a specific date). You should figure out who’s responsible for each objective and target, what resources are available (i.e., personnel, financial), and when milestones will be achieved.
Documentation and Training
Determine which operational procedures require documentation, and locate documentation related to environmental aspects that may already exist. Work with personnel to develop new documentation, and don’t forget to include health and safety requirements.
Your environmental aspect list also helps you to identify your training needs. All employees should be trained in:
· Environmental policy
· EMS roles and responsibilities
· Procedures and work instructions
· Consequences of not following EMS requirements
Your company’s EMS must detail how to communicate internally, as well as how to request, obtain, document, and respond to external communication. Communication can include items such as your environmental policy, legal requirements, and objectives.
Preparing for Emergencies
Part of the EMS should focus on how to prepare for emergencies, such as spills, and should identify which procedures already exist to help you properly respond to the situation.
Evaluating Your Progress
It’s important to periodically assess your EMS to see how much progress it’s making toward your environmental objectives and targets. Based on the following, determine whether the EMS was carried out according to plan:
· Have you identified what to monitor?
· Have you chosen the indicators/metrics?
· Did you establish a schedule for monitoring?
· Did you document the process?
· Have you communicated the information?
Auditing Your EMS
Internal EMS audits review how well your company is meeting its objectives and targets by evaluating your procedures, documentation, programs, and implementation. The audit also determines whether your company is continually improving.
· Prepare for the audit with planning, resource allocation, and determining audit objectives
· Examine documents and records; identify conditions that require immediate action
· Prepare and submit the report to management
Management Action Items
Management personnel decide whether the EMS is working efficiently, and whether changes or improvements are needed. Management should review the EMS process, determine what to evaluate, document the process, and record the outcome of the review.
The Public Entity EMS Resource (PEER) Center (peercenter.net) offers tips on developing an EMS for your company - a good reference.
Guest blogger Laura Chidester has worked as a technical journalist for over ten years. By day she manages the documentation team at Actio Software Corporation while continuing to report on broader industry and environmental trends.